APN Role Exists in Country Today:
There is no current role of advanced practice nurses in Russia today. According to the World Bank, in 2010 the Russian Federation had approximately 8.5 nurses per thousand individuals, a number showing adequacy of the nursing workforce (WHO, 2013). Additionally, there were more than four doctors per thousand individuals, also significantly adequate for healthcare today (WHO, 2013). While these numbers are impressive, the healthcare standards in Russia have been observed to be inadequate; however, there has been consistent improvement over the last several years (Davydov & Shepin, 2010; Tashlein-Van Hueveln, 2009).
In recent years, the Russian Nurses Association (2013) in assistance with the International Council of Nurses has been updating and identifying national nursing standards since 2007 and hope to have a uniform set of standards implemented by 2015. As the role of nursing is beginning to be established in Russia, development of Advanced Practice Nursing roles will take more time for future establishment.
While there are no specific Advanced Practice Nursing roles present in Russia today, on 2012, the Russian Nurses Association defined several nursing specialties including (Russian Nurses Association, 2012):
- Dietary Nursing
- Operating Nursing
- Anesthesia Nursing
- Pediatric Nursing
- Psychiatric Nursing
- Massage Nursing
- Specialist in Nursing Statistics
In addition, it was established that the title of “Bachelors of Nursing” would be established for senior nurses prepared at the bachelor level, a role implemented earlier in 2013 (Russian Nurses Association, 2012).
Davydov, M.I. & Shepin, O.P. (2010). The Russian healthcare system. Medical Solutions. Retrieved from: http://www.healthcare.siemens.com/healthcare-magazine
Tashlein Van-Hueveln, D. (2009, August 3). Russian healthcare: Observing nurses a world way. Carolina Nursing News. Retrieved from: http://carolinanursingnews.com/2009/08/03/russian-healthcare-observing-nurses-a-world-away/
Russian Nurses Association (2012). Professional standards [Google translated version]. Retrieved from: http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=ru&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.medsestre.ru%2Ffiles%2Ffile%2Fstandart%2F0_uvedomlenie.pdf
Russian Nurses Association (2013). Negotiations in leadership [Google translated version]. Retrieved from: http://www.medsestre.ru/new/info/36
World Bank, The (2010). Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Retrieved from: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.MED.NUMW.P3
World Health Organization [WHO] (2013). Aggregated Data: Density per 1000 by country. Retrieved from: http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A1444?lang=en